A healthy animal has very few fleas, and those that are on the skin will not cause skin eruptions, redness, hair loss and severe itching.
An allergic reaction develops with an impaired immune system and one that has been sensitised with exposure to fleas. So it is obvious that prevention is the key to a healthy pet. Pawtect provides a field of protection around your pet designed to support keeping fleas, ticks, sandflies and mosquitos at bay.
Did you know?
- A flea can bite 400 times per day. That’s 4000 bites a day if your pet has just 10 fleas!
- An average flea lifespan is two to three months. However, pre-emerged fleas (not living on a pet) can survive undisturbed and without a blood meal for more than 100 days.
- Fleas can jump up to 150 times their own length so they can easily jump onto your pet from the ground, or from another pet.
- The female flea consumes 15 times her own body weight in blood daily.
The best flea control is always flea prevention.
- Fleas can transmit tapeworms, bacteria and other disease forming organisms to pets as well as humans.
- A pair of fleas may produce 20,000 fleas in three months! So to protect your home from flea infestation, early prevention is the key.
- We love our pets and would do anything to prevent discomfort, right? Seeing our pets scratch and bite at themselves because of flea bites tears at our heartstrings. And when our pets can’t sleep because they are so uncomfortable, we realise that all of these discomforts could have been prevented early on.
What is the life cycle of a flea?
- A flea has four stages: egg, larva, pupa, and adult. Fleas take about a month to grow from egg to adult.
- The female adult flea lays her eggs about two days after she mates and the eggs take an additional 2-6 days to hatch into larvae.
- Flea eggs are not sticky and tend to fall onto places your pet rests or sleeps. These hatch into larvae which feed off “flea dirt.” This is actually the mother flea’s feces.
- In about a week, they start spinning a cocoon. The cocooned larva, now called a pupa, is now resistant to dangers that could kill the flea in other stages of its life cycle.
- Under normal circumstances, the cocooned pupa remains in this state for about 15 days; it can extend this time up to one year if the environment is hostile (i.e., too cold).
You need to thoroughly examine your pet’s skin and hair coat under sufficient light. Fleas are reddish-brown and very fast, so look closely. There may only be telltale flea dirt (flea feces), most often occurring above the dog’s rump or between a cat’s shoulder blades. Take a moist, white paper towel and rub it on the area. When moist, flea dirt turns reddish.
Just because your pet is not scratching does not necessarily mean he is flea-free. Most of a flea’s life cycle is spent off of your pet. If your pet does not have sensitive skin or is not allergic to fleas (called Flea Allergy Dermatitis), he simply may not have the urge to scratch. In fact, you may have a major flea infestation and not know it.
Fleas are not only a nuisance to us and our pets but can cause medical problems in pets including flea allergy dermatitis (FAD), tapeworms, hair loss, and secondary skin irritations. Also, large numbers of fleas can cause anemia, especially in puppies and kittens.
While bites are rarely felt, it is the resulting irritation caused by flea salivary secretions that vary among pets. Some may witness a severe reaction (rash or inflammation) resulting in secondary infections caused by scratching the aggravated skin area.
You may have noticed that some animals seem always to be infested with parasites – fleas, ticks and worms while others (even in the same household) have only occasional and relatively minor problems. The reason for this can often be found by comparing the general health of the animals’ skins. Skin is the fastest-growing organ of an animal’s body, with the outer layer of cells being replaced every three weeks. Optimum nutrition is essential for healthy skin; if your pet is not properly nourished, the skin will be the first area of its body to exhibit problems.
The saliva of fleas is an allergen that can cause FAD (flea allergy dermatitis) in pets and humans.
FAD is one of the most common allergies in pets. Pets with FAD are not only irritated by flea bites, but are also allergic to the parasite’s saliva, which contains 15 reactive components. When the pet receives his first flea bite, his immune system responds and sets up a hypersensitivity reaction. The reaction manifests itself as severe itching when the pet is bitten again. This means a bite from a single flea can set off a delayed itch reaction from flea bites received over the past six months. This not only starts a seemingly never-ending itch cycle; it also causes hive-like lesions from all of the bites, making the pet uncomfortable.
Yes, you can do that but we highly recommend a preventative strategy for the following reason:
Anyone who has had a flea problem in the past will tell you that they would do anything to avoid dealing with fleas again! Controlling and eliminating an already existing flea problem can take a lot of time and effort.